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Mostly AR and Stuff

SMMT is now open sourced

SMMT is now open sourced under BSD-like license. Sourceforge page is here.

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21, February, 2010 Posted by | Coding AR | , , , , , | 4 Comments

Symbian Multimarker Tracking Library updated

Symbian Multimarker Tracking Library updated to v0.5. Some bugs fixed, markers can be moved run-time now. Download is here

24, January, 2010 Posted by | Coding AR | , , , , , , , , , | Comments Off on Symbian Multimarker Tracking Library updated

Symbian Signed again.

A discussion is going on at the symbian.org. It looks like a new symbain signed rules are in the work (my guess they will be implemented no earlier than symbian^4). Symbian signed may become cheaper and a new class of publisher ID may become available for anyone with a credit card.

29, October, 2009 Posted by | Mobile | , , , | Comments Off on Symbian Signed again.

Symbian Multimarker Tracking Library

#augmentedreality
Demo-version of binary Symbian multimarker tracking library SMMT available for download.
SMMT library is a SLAM multimarker tracker for Symbian. Library can work on Symbian S60 9.1 devices like Nokia N73 and Symbian 9.2 like Nokia N95, N82. It may also work on some other later versions. This version support only landscape 320×240 resolution for algorithmical reason – size used in the optimization.
This is slightly more advanced version of the tracker used in AR Tower Defense game.
PS corrupted file fixed

5, September, 2009 Posted by | Coding AR | , , , , , , , , , | Comments Off on Symbian Multimarker Tracking Library

Augmented reality on S60 – basics

Blair MacIntyre asked on ARForum how to get video out of the Symbian Image data structre and upload it into OpenGL ES texture. So here how I did for my games:
I get viewfinder RGB bitmap, access it’s rgb data and use glTextureImage2D to upload it into background texture, which I stretch on the background rectangle. On top of the background rectangle I draw 3d models.
This code snipped for 320×240 screen and OpenGL ES 1+ (wordpress completly screwed tabs)

PS Here is binary static library for multimarker tracking for S60 which use that method.

#define VFWIDTH 320
#define VFHEIGHT 240

Two textures used for background, because texture size should be 2^n: 256×256 and 256×64

#define BKG_TXT_SIZEY0 256
#define BKG_TXT_SIZEY1 64

Nokia camera example could be used the as the base.

1. Overwrite ViewFinderFrameReady function

void CCameraCaptureEngine::ViewFinderFrameReady(CFbsBitmap& aFrame)
{
iController->ProcessFrame(&aFrame);
}

2. iController->ProcessFrame call CCameraAppBaseContaine->ProcessFrame

void CCameraAppBaseContainer::ProcessFrame(CFbsBitmap* pFrame)
{
// here RGB buffer for background is filled
iGLEngine->FillRGBBuffer(pFrame);
//and greyscale buffer for tracking is filled
iTracker->FillGreyBuffer(pFrame);

//traking
TBool aCaptureSuccess = iTracker->Capture();
//physics
if(aCaptureSuccess)
{
iPhEngine->Tick();
}
//rendering
glClear( GL_DEPTH_BUFFER_BIT);
iGLEngine->SetViewMatrix(iTracker->iViewMatrix);
iGLEngine->Render();

iGLEngine->Swap();
};
void CGLengine::Swap()
{
eglSwapBuffers( m_display, m_surface);
};

3. now how buffers filled: RGB buffers filled ind binded to textures

inline unsigned int byte_swap(unsigned int v)
{


		return (v<<16) | (v&0xff00) | ((v >> 16)&0xff);
}

void CGLengine::FillRGBBuffer(CFbsBitmap* pFrame)
{
pFrame->LockHeap(ETrue);
unsigned int* ptr_vf = (unsigned int*)pFrame->DataAddress();

FillBkgTxt(ptr_vf);

pFrame->UnlockHeap(ETrue); // unlock global heap

BindRGBBuffer(m_bkgTxtID0, m_rgbxBuffer0, BKG_TXT_SIZEY0);
BindRGBBuffer(m_bkgTxtID1, m_rgbxBuffer1, BKG_TXT_SIZEY1);
}

void CGLengine::FillBkgTxt(unsigned int* ptr_vf)
{
unsigned int* ptr_dst0 = m_rgbxBuffer0 +
(BKG_TXT_SIZEY0-VFHEIGHT)*BKG_TXT_SIZEY0;
unsigned int* ptr_dst1 = m_rgbxBuffer1 +
(BKG_TXT_SIZEY0-VFHEIGHT)*BKG_TXT_SIZEY1;

for(int j =0; j < VFHEIGHT; j++)
for(int i =0; i < BKG_TXT_SIZEY0; i++)
{
ptr_dst0[i + j*BKG_TXT_SIZEY0] = byte_swap(ptr_vf[i + j*VFWIDTH]);
}

ptr_vf += BKG_TXT_SIZEY0;

for(int j =0; j < VFHEIGHT; j++)
for(int i =0; i < BKG_TXT_SIZEY1; i++)
{
ptr_dst1[i + j*BKG_TXT_SIZEY1] = byte_swap(ptr_vf[i + j*VFWIDTH]);
}

}

void CGLengine::BindRGBBuffer(TInt aTxtID, GLvoid* aPtr, TInt aYSize)
{
glBindTexture( GL_TEXTURE_2D, aTxtID);
glTexImage2D(GL_TEXTURE_2D, 0, GL_RGBA, aYSize, BKG_TXT_SIZEY0, 0,
GL_RGBA, GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE, aPtr);
}

4. Greysacle buffer filled, smoothed by integral image :

void CTracker::FillGreyBuffer(CFbsBitmap* pFrame)
{

pFrame->LockHeap(ETrue);
unsigned int* ptr = (unsigned int*)pFrame->DataAddress();

if(m_bIntegralImg)
{
// calculate integral image values

unsigned int rs = 0;
for(int j=0; j < VFWIDTH; j++)
{
// cumulative row sum
rs = rs+ Raw2Grey(ptr[j]);
m_integral[j] = rs;
}

for(int i=1; i< VFHEIGHT; i++)
{
unsigned int rs = 0;
for(int j=0; j = VFWIDTH)
{
m_integral[i*VFWIDTH+j] = m_integral[(i-1)*VFWIDTH+j]+rs;
}
}
}

iRectData.iData[0] = m_integral[1*VFWIDTH+1]>>2;

int aX, aY;

for(aY = 1; aY >2;
iRectData.iData[MAX_SIZE_X-1 + aY*MAX_SIZE_X] = Area(2*MAX_SIZE_X-2, 2*aY, 2, 2)>>2;
}

for(aX = 1; aX >2;
iRectData.iData[aX + (MAX_SIZE_Y-1)*MAX_SIZE_X] = Area(2*aX, 2*MAX_SIZE_Y-2, 2, 2)>>2;
}

for(aY = 1; aY < MAX_SIZE_Y-1; aY++)
for(aX = 1; aX >4;
}

}
else
{

if(V2RX == 2 && V2RY ==2)
for(int j =0; j < MAX_SIZE_Y; j++)
for(int i =0; i >2;
}
else
for(int j =0; j < MAX_SIZE_Y; j++)
for(int i =0; i UnlockHeap(ETrue); // unlock global heap

}

Background could be rendered like this

#define GLUNITY (1<<16)
static const TInt quadTextureCoords[4 * 2] =
{
0, GLUNITY,
0, 0,
GLUNITY, 0,
GLUNITY, GLUNITY
};

static const GLubyte quadTriangles[2 * 3] =
{
0,1,2,
0,2,3
};

static const GLfloat quadVertices0[4 * 3] =
{
0, 0, 0,
0, BKG_TXT_SIZEY0, 0,
BKG_TXT_SIZEY0, BKG_TXT_SIZEY0, 0,
BKG_TXT_SIZEY0, 0, 0
};

static const GLfloat quadVertices1[4 * 3] =
{
BKG_TXT_SIZEY0, 0, 0,
BKG_TXT_SIZEY0, BKG_TXT_SIZEY0, 0,
BKG_TXT_SIZEY0+BKG_TXT_SIZEY1, BKG_TXT_SIZEY0, 0,
BKG_TXT_SIZEY0+BKG_TXT_SIZEY1, 0, 0
};

void CGLengine::RenderBkgQuad()
{
glMatrixMode(GL_PROJECTION);
glLoadIdentity();
glOrthof(0, VFWIDTH, 0, VFHEIGHT, -1.0, 1.0);
glMatrixMode(GL_MODELVIEW);
glLoadIdentity();
glViewport(0, 0, VFWIDTH, VFHEIGHT);

glClear( GL_DEPTH_BUFFER_BIT);
glDisable(GL_BLEND);
glDisable(GL_ALPHA_TEST);
glDisable(GL_DEPTH_TEST);
glDisable(GL_CULL_FACE);

glColor4x(GLUNITY, GLUNITY, GLUNITY, GLUNITY);

glBindTexture( GL_TEXTURE_2D, m_bkgTxtID0);
glVertexPointer( 3, GL_FLOAT, 0, quadVertices0 );
glTexCoordPointer( 2, GL_FIXED, 0, quadTextureCoords );
glDrawElements( GL_TRIANGLES, 2 * 3, GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE, quadTriangles );

glBindTexture( GL_TEXTURE_2D, m_bkgTxtID1);
glVertexPointer( 3, GL_FLOAT, 0, quadVertices1 );
glTexCoordPointer( 2, GL_FIXED, 0, quadTextureCoords );
glDrawElements( GL_TRIANGLES, 2 * 3, GL_UNSIGNED_BYTE, quadTriangles );

glEnable(GL_CULL_FACE);
glEnable(GL_BLEND);
glEnable(GL_DEPTH_TEST);
glEnable(GL_ALPHA_TEST);

}

27, July, 2009 Posted by | Coding AR | , , , , , , , , | Comments Off on Augmented reality on S60 – basics

Nokia consider Maemo Linux as alternative to Symbian ?

As cnet point out Symbian is not mentioned in the joint Intel-Nokia press release about 3G and Open Source Software collaboration. Only Maemo and Moblin are mentioned. Symbian, though also open sourced is left out. It could be that Nokia is less enthusiastic about Symbain OS now. Existing Symbain OS UIs are inferior to iPhone UI, Symbian OS third party applications are not getting enough traction and most of Symbian users are not even aware they exist. Symbian Signed restrictions are not helping either. BTW most of Symbian users are not even aware they are Symbian users.
So Nokia seems hedging its bets with Maemo linux. Cnet think Nokia could switch to Maemo for high-end devices and leave Symbian for mid-range.

25, June, 2009 Posted by | Mobile, Symbian | , , , , , | 1 Comment

Mobile OS for Augmented Reality

Which platform suit better for mobile AR ? Each has it pluses and minuses. I’m trying to make overall estimation, not only form prototype development pov.

1. iPhone
+ beautiful phone
+! no platform fragmentation
+ application store
+ growing market share
+ 3d accelerator, GPS, accelerometer
+ active developer community
-!! No official camera API for now, direct access to camera require undocumented API
– slow camera on the existing model (better in the next model ?)
– CPU underclocked to 412Mhz on existing model (better in the next model ?)

2. Android
+ Open sourced
+ good CPU for existing model (528Mhz for G1)
+ 3d accelerator, GPS, accelerometer for existing model
+ active developer community
+ application store
+ completely open model for developers available.
-! officially java only (10-100 more slow than native code for numerical tasks), installation of native code app require hack on the consumer model.
– low market penetration for now(will be better?)

3. Symbian
+! Big market share
+ some models have good CPU (up to 600Mhz)
+ some models have fast camera
+ some models have 3d accelerator, GPS, accelerometer and even electronic compass
+ application store coming soon for Nokia models
+ will be open source soon
+ situation with Symbian Signed may improve in the future.
-! platform fragmentation, different OS versions are only partially compatible.
– Symbian signed prevent access to GPS/accelerometer for early versions(S60 FP3) self-signed application
-! For signed app – each binary version should be paid and signed separately, require expensive Publisher ID
– No self-signed application allowed to app store.
– high learning curve
– Market share is shrinking now, eaten by iPhone

4. WinMobile
Not many specific pluses or minuses.
– Small market share

5. Other flavors of Linux – situation is not clear yet.

27, March, 2009 Posted by | Uncategorized | , , , , , | 4 Comments

Symbian foundation is considering options for improving Symbian Signed

David Wood from Symbian Foundation answered a question about Symbian Signed (mandatory digital signature for all Symbian OS app with advanced capabilities) in comments to his blog post about Symbian Release Plan :

“>What about Symbian Signed? Are there any plans to drop it, or at least relax it…?
A number of options for improving the operation of Symbian Signed are under active consideration.”

So it seems Symbian foundation is hearing to developers and end users lamentation and things could be better soon.

18, March, 2009 Posted by | Coding, Mobile, Symbian | , , , , | Comments Off on Symbian foundation is considering options for improving Symbian Signed

Nokia announces Ovi Application store

Nokia announces Ovi Application store
for Flash, Java applications and other(?) content. Symbian apps are not mentioned explicitly, but presumably they will be available too. The developer or content provider would get 70% revenue share. Not much known about the store and policy yet. On the publisher site there is a form for e-mail and content submission for Nokia consideration. No online registration for publishers available yet.

PS. Symbian applications will be accepted, confirmed by Nokia.
No self-signed application allowed in the store.

16, February, 2009 Posted by | Uncategorized | , , | Comments Off on Nokia announces Ovi Application store

New version of Augmented Reality Tower Defense

A new version of AR Tower Defense – v0.03 Some bugs fixed (black screen bug)
and minor tracking improvement

12, February, 2009 Posted by | Augmented Reality, Coding AR, Demo, Mobile, Nokia N95 | , , , , , , , , , , | Comments Off on New version of Augmented Reality Tower Defense